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托福閱讀長(cháng)難句精講:狀語(yǔ)從句

2018-04-28 來(lái)源:思潤教育
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摘要:托福閱讀?長(cháng)難句的重點(diǎn)和難點(diǎn)在于:句子中會(huì )嵌套著(zhù)若干子句,同學(xué)們理解起來(lái)會(huì )比較困難。那么,我們究竟該如何提高分析托福閱讀長(cháng)難句能力呢?小編對一些真題中的長(cháng)難句進(jìn)行了分析整理,并附上專(zhuān)業(yè)的子句成分劃分和知識點(diǎn)梳理為大家進(jìn)行講解。希望同學(xué)們有所收獲。

  托福閱讀長(cháng)難句的重點(diǎn)和難點(diǎn)在于:句子中會(huì )嵌套著(zhù)若干子句,同學(xué)們理解起來(lái)會(huì )比較困難。那么,我們究竟該如何提高分析托福閱讀長(cháng)難句能力呢?小編對一些真題中的長(cháng)難句進(jìn)行了分析整理,并附上專(zhuān)業(yè)的子句成分劃分和知識點(diǎn)梳理為大家進(jìn)行講解。希望同學(xué)們有所收獲。

  托福長(cháng)難句

  In order for the structure to achieve the size and strength necessary to meet its purpose, architecture employs methods of support that, because they are based on physical laws, have changed little since people first discovered them—even while building materials have changed dramatically.

  專(zhuān)家解析

  【難點(diǎn)】

  本句話(huà)是一個(gè)主從復合句,這句話(huà)包含的從句比較多,support后面的that引導一個(gè)限制性定語(yǔ)從句,because引導一個(gè)原因狀語(yǔ)從句,而since引導一個(gè)時(shí)間狀語(yǔ)從句,而even while 引導一個(gè)讓步狀語(yǔ)從句。

  【子句拆分】

  主句:In order for the structure to achieve the size and strength necessary to meet its purpose, architecture employs methods of support.

  狀語(yǔ)從句1:They are based on physical laws.

  定語(yǔ)從句:Methods of support have changed little.

  狀語(yǔ)從句2:People first discovered them.

  狀語(yǔ)從句3:Building materials have changed dramatically.

  【成分劃分】

  主句:In order for the structure to achieve the size and strength necessary to meet its purpose, [狀語(yǔ)] architecture [主語(yǔ)] employs [謂語(yǔ)] methods of support. [賓語(yǔ)]

  翻譯:為了讓建筑物達到必要的大小和強度以滿(mǎn)足建筑的目的,建筑物采用了一些支撐自身的方法。

  連接詞:BECAUSE

  狀語(yǔ)從句1:They [主語(yǔ)] are based on [謂語(yǔ)] physical laws. [賓語(yǔ)]

  翻譯:它們以物理定律為基礎。

  連接詞:THAT

  定語(yǔ)從句:Methods of support [主語(yǔ)] have changed [謂語(yǔ)] little. [狀語(yǔ)]

  翻譯:支撐的方法幾乎沒(méi)有任何改變。

  連接詞:SINCE

  狀語(yǔ)從句2:People [主語(yǔ)] first [狀語(yǔ)] discovered [謂語(yǔ)] them. [賓語(yǔ)]

  翻譯:人們最初發(fā)現它們。

  連接詞:EVER WHILE

  狀語(yǔ)從句3:Building materials [主語(yǔ)] have changed [謂語(yǔ)] dramatically.[狀語(yǔ)]

  翻譯:建筑材料已經(jīng)發(fā)生了巨大的變化。

  【全句翻譯】

  為了讓建筑物達到必要的大小和強度以滿(mǎn)足建筑的目的,建筑物采用了一些支撐自身的方法;因為這些方法都是以物理定律為基礎的,所以盡管建筑材料已經(jīng)發(fā)生了巨大的變化,但是這些方法自從最初被人們發(fā)現以來(lái)幾乎沒(méi)有任何改變。

  知識點(diǎn)梳理

  時(shí)間狀語(yǔ)從句

  用表示時(shí)間的連詞連接一個(gè)句子作狀語(yǔ),這樣的主從復合句就是時(shí)間狀語(yǔ)從句。連接時(shí)間狀語(yǔ)從句的連接詞有:when, before, after, while, as soon as, until, since 等. 這里要注意一點(diǎn)的是,如果主句是一般將來(lái)時(shí),從句只能用一般現在時(shí)表示將來(lái)意義。

 ?、?When you think you know nothing, then you begin to know something.

 ?、?Strike while the iron is hot.

  原因狀語(yǔ)從句

  引導原因狀語(yǔ)從句的從屬連詞有because(因為), as(由于), since(既然), now(that)(既然), seeing (that) (由于,鑒于), considering (that)(考慮到), given (that) (考慮到),for(因為)等。

 ?、?He took off his coat because he felt hot.

 ?、?She could not have seen me, for I was not there.

  限定性定語(yǔ)從句

  限定性定語(yǔ)從句表現是先行詞在意義上是不可缺少的定語(yǔ),若省略,所修飾主句的內容就不完整或失去意義,和主句的關(guān)系十分密切,寫(xiě)時(shí)不可用逗號分開(kāi)。

 ?、?Who is the man that is reading a book over there?

 ?、?The school that he once studied in is very famous.

  托福閱讀長(cháng)難句是有規律可循的。只要多加練習,同學(xué)們對于長(cháng)難句的理解能力一定會(huì )大大提高。更多備考資料獲取,請致電西安托福學(xué)校029-85381567或關(guān)注公眾微信號seeree_edu。


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